Official health status

In May 1994, the OIE Global Assembly of Delegates requested the OIE Commission for Foot and Mouth Disease and Other Epizootics (now called the Scientific Commission for Animal Diseases) to develop a procedure for official recognition by the OIE of the free status of Foot and Mouth Disease from the Member Countries. Since then, the procedure has been extended to include the official recognition of sanitary status for the Rinderpest African Horse Sickness, the Classical Swine Fever, Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (PCB), the risk status for Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (EEB), in addition to the validation of the official control programs of the Foot and Mouth Disease , from the PCB and the PPR.

The official recognition of the sanitary status of the Member Countries is of great importance for international trade and constitutes one of the essential legal links between the OIE and the World Trade Organization (WTO), within the framework of the WTO Agreement on the Application of sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS Agreement), which entered into force in 1995. In 1998, the official agreement between the WTO and the OIE confirmed the mandate of the OIE to recognize pest-free and disease-free zones, as stipulated by the SPS Agreement.

A country may lose or improve its commercial attractiveness to importing potential or existing partners, depending on its official health status. By acquiring and maintaining an official status, a country also shows transparency and, therefore, helps to promote animal health and public health throughout the world, becoming creditor of the trust of its partners and the international community.

The procedure for granting, suspending and restoring the official disease status is applied in an objective and transparent manner, in accordance with the Standard Operating Procedure.

Download the standardized Operational Procedures:

Procedure for official recognition of a status / validation of official program

Procedure for the annual reconfirmation of an official status

Procedure for the restitution of a suspended status

Procedure for sending an expert mission

You can visit the OIE website to know the sanitary status of the countries of the Region of the Americas for the different diseases.