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16th Conference

of the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas

Puerto Montt - Chile

5-8 march 2002

 

Recommendations

Recommendation No. 1

Wildlife as a risk factor in animal health and zoonoses

CONSIDERING THAT

Many infectious agents that cause disease in livestock, poultry or human beings also occur in selected species of wildlife,

Certain infected wild animals can represent a true disease risk factor, or, they may harbour significant pathogens while posing little or no threat to domestic animals or human beings,

Wild animals may be involved in the epidemiology of emerging animal and/or human diseases, such as West Nile fever,

Multiple agencies with different areas of expertise including animal health, human health and wildlife management are involved in assessment and reduction of risk associated with disease agents in wildlife,

Management of disease in wildlife may be attempted to minimise potential impacts on animal agriculture, public health and/or highly valued wildlife populations,

THE OIE REGIONAL COMMISSION FOR THE AMERICAS

RECOMMENDS THAT

1. The OIE continue to support the efforts of the Working Group in Wildlife Diseases (WGWD) to identify and report wildlife diseases of concern to Member Countries.

2. Member Countries respond to the Annual WGWD questionnaire regarding the occurrence of significant diseases in wildlife.

3. The OIE encourage World Reference Laboratories to support the development and validation of sensitive and specific diagnostic tests for disease agents in wildlife species and to foster research collaboration in this area.

4. The OIE continue to develop the concept of compartmentalisation in which the presence of certain significant disease agents in wildlife does not preclude disease-free status for the Member Country when there is thorough knowledge of the disease epidemiology and demonstration of the efficacy of risk reduction measures relating to the production sector.

5. Member Countries encourage cooperation between animal health, public health, wildlife management agencies and other organisations involved in monitoring and managing disease agents in wildlife, including zoonoses.

6. Member Countries coordinate vigilance for the detection of emerging disease agents, such as West Nile virus, and the distribution of information to reduce risks to animals and the public.

(Adopted by the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas on 8 March 2002)

Recommendation No. 2

The role of Veterinary Services in food health and safety

CONSIDERING THAT

Given the food chain, food safety is the shared responsibility of public and animal health organisations, such as the international reference bodies (OIE, Codex Alimentarius),

Food safety is a global issue,

Due to public health concerns, consumers are demanding safe food products,

The Veterinary Services of countries need to confront the challenge of adopting a change in vision and function to improve the public health and to facilitate the trade in food products, and that this change must be expanded to the food continuum particularly focused on the early links,

THE OIE REGIONAL COMMISSION FOR THE AMERICAS

RECOMMENDS THAT

1. The Director General of the OIE continue with the collaborative work begun between the OIE and the Codex Alimentarius Commission to harmonise standards of mutual interest.

2. The Director General of the OIE continue to implement its work plan as it pertains to food safety, in particular with the issues of animal feeds, registration of biological agents, and improvement in veterinary inspection at the farm level and at the food production and processing levels.

3. A technical cooperative collaboration on food safety be established with international organisations, such as PAHO, FAO and the OIE Regional Commission and Representation for the Americas.

4. The Veterinary Services include in their policies and programmes, actions aimed at strengthening their participation in the field of food health and safety to improve public health and facilitate trade in food products.

(Adopted by the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas on 8 March 2002)

Recommendation No. 3

Guide to models for organising Veterinary Services

CONSIDERING That 

the Strategic Plan for the Americas states that one of the priority objectives for the Region is to strengthen the countries’ Veterinary Services,

The Regional Representation for the Americas, together with a technical team, has drafted a Guide to Systems for operating Veterinary Services, to facilitate their harmonisation, promote development and make more efficient use of resources, by means of progressive and flexible models that take the countries’ needs into account,

THE OIE REGIONAL COMMISSION FOR THE AMERICAS

RECOMMENDS

1. That the countries of the Region should collaborate by actively participating in the development, application and improvement of the proposed Guide, designed to provide models for operating their Veterinary Services, on bases that facilitate the following aims by means of communication via the Regional Representation:

2. To provide as much information as possible on setting up and organising Services and on the technical measures and regulations that the countries observe, by feeding information into the database, which the Representation will implement and disseminate through the Web page of the Americas Region.

3. To standardise as far as possible the rules, regulations and certification systems, in accordance with the International Animal Health Code, based on the entire food chain from the stable to the table.

4. To guide and enhance the application of systems that promote the quality and guarantee the future of programmes and that implement methodologies for auditing and evaluating services.

5. To establish management and operational mechanisms that facilitate the participation of the private sectors concerned to enable them to work actively in coordinating activities with the official sector at national and other administrative levels.

6. That through the Regional Representation, the OIE cooperate by helping to implement these aspects, whenever the countries so require, and by maintaining a periodic follow-up of this issue.

(Adopted by the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas on 8 March 2002)

Recommendation No. 4

Working Group on Risk Analysis of the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas

CONSIDERING THAT

Risk analysis is a very useful tool for decision-making,

The OIE Regional Commission for the Americas set up a working group in 1999 with a mandate to provide the countries with support in strengthening their risk analysis capabilities,

The working group has made significant progress in the development of criteria, harmonisation of methods and the development of a training strategy targeted at various levels of the Veterinary Services,

The report presented by the group includes a list of topics to develop within a medium term work strategy,

The OIE Regional Representation for the Americas, together with the OIE Collaborating Centre for Animal Disease Surveillance Systems and Risk Analysis, play an important role in the coordination of the group’s activities,

THE OIE REGIONAL COMMISSION FOR THE AMERICAS

RECOMMENDS THAT

1. The Working Group on Risk Analysis of the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas continue its function of assisting the countries of the region, under the coordination of the Regional Representation and the OIE Collaborating Centre for Animal Disease Surveillance Systems and Risk Analysis.

2. The Working Group on Risk Analysis of the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas maintain within its work strategy the development of methodological guidelines for the practical application of risk analysis and continue training targeted at different levels within the structure of the Veterinary Services.

3. The recommendations and work of the group be disseminated through the Regional Representation and the Central Bureau to other regions of the OIE.

4. Coordination with other working groups of the OIE be estabilished with the aim of completing and optimising the activities of the Central Bureau on this issue.

(Adopted by the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas on 8 March 2002)

Recommendation No. 5

Application of the OIE Strategic Plan by the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas

CONSIDERING

The results of the analysis of a survey of countries of the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas to define the present and future strategies of Veterinary Services of the Americas, in order to establish priority areas and objectives,

That from this survey the necessity emerges for increased participation on the part of the countries of the Region in the strategic planning process of the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas,

THE OIE REGIONAL COMMISSION FOR THE AMERICAS

RECOMMENDS

1. Updating the Strategic Plan for the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas, based on the points indicated in Appendix of the survey mentioned in the first consideration above.

2. That the Strategic Plan of the OIE Regional Commission for Americas include annual operating plans that specify commitments with regard to activities, indicators, aims, resources and time limits, as well as monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.

3. That Member Countries continue to develop strategic planning processes at a national level and commit themselves to transmitting these to the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas through the Regional Representation, in order that they can serve as a support to the Strategic Plan of the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas, and that monitoring mechanisms of these processes are established.

4. That the countries take into account the importance assigned to the coordination of research by the OIE Strategic Plan.

5. That Members be committed to more active participation in the OIE Strategic Plan for the Americas by establishing mechanisms to assure effective and ongoing contact with the Regional Representation.

6. That the Regional Representation organise a working group that will meet on a regular basis and propose the orchestration of actions for adoption in the meeting of the Regional Commission in May 2003 in Paris.

(Adopted by the OIE Regional Commission for the Americas on 8 March 2002)